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Mecklenburg first became a duchy of the Holy Roman Empire in 1348.
Though later partitioned and re-partitioned within the same dynasty, Mecklenburg always shared a common history and identity.
Following the Potsdam Agreement, the Western allies handed over Mecklenburg to the Soviets.
In 1952, the East German government abandoned the term Land in this context and redesignated its administrative territorial divisions as "districts" (German: Bezirke).
The territory of Mecklenburg and Vorpommern was divided into three districts that covered roughly the same area: Bezirk Rostock, Bezirk Schwerin and Bezirk Neubrandenburg.
In the course of time, German monks, nobility, peasants and traders arrived to settle here.
After the 12th century, the territory remained stable and relatively independent of its neighbours; one of the few German territories for which this is true.
In the Middle Ages, the area was ruled by the Pomeranian dukes as part of the Duchy of Pomerania.